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Dec11 - 23

What Are the Differences Between AML, KYC and CDD?

In the financial sector, compliance is not just an obligation, it’s a necessity. Financial institutions face various potential pitfalls in the form of money laundering, fraud, and crime. To navigate these challenges, financial institutions rely on robust compliance frameworks comprised of Anti-Money Laundering (AML), Know Your Customer (KYC), and Customer Due Diligence (CDD) protocols. Each of these components plays a distinct role in ensuring the integrity of monetary transactions and the prevention of illegal activity. Bates Group LLC is here to provide an overview of how each can impact financial organizations. Call to discuss your company’s compliance-related needs.

Mitigating the Risk of Financial Crimes With AML

Anti-Money Laundering, often referred to as AML, forms the backbone of financial compliance. The Bank Secrecy Act (BSA), enacted in 1970, was the first piece of legislation aimed at fighting money laundering in the U.S. It requires financial institutions to keep records of cash purchases, report cash transactions over $10,000, and report suspicious activity that may indicate money laundering, tax evasion, terrorist financing, and other crimes.

AML encompasses a range of laws, regulations, and policies designed to prevent criminals from using the financial system to convert illegally obtained proceeds into seemingly legitimate income. Through AML measures, financial institutions can detect and deter money laundering, assist government agencies in combating financial crime, and promote transparency within the financial system.

For instance, if a large sum of money is deposited into a bank account without a clear source of origin, AML policies would trigger an investigation into the transaction to ensure its legality.

Mitigating Risk With KYC

Know Your Customer, or KYC, allows financial institutions to understand who they are doing business with and ensures that their customers are not involved in illegal activities. KYC comprises three components: the Customer Identification Program (CIP), Customer Due Diligence (CDD), and Enhanced Due Diligence (EDD).

KYC processes include ongoing monitoring and continuous checks. For example, if a customer suddenly appears on an updated sanctions list after being onboarded, KYC protocols would initiate a review of the customer’s account.

Customer Verification With CDD

Customer Due Diligence (CDD) is a process that financial institutions undertake to assess the risk level of their customers. More specifically, CDD involves identifying and verifying the identity of customers, understanding the nature and purpose of customer relationships, and conducting ongoing monitoring to maintain and update customer information.

For instance, if a bank accepts a new client, they would conduct CDD to understand the nature of the client’s business, the expected transactions, and any potential risks associated with the client. If the client is deemed high-risk, the institution can adapt internal compliance controls accordingly or even terminate the business relationship.

Contact Our Knowledgeable Team

Navigating the complexities of AML, KYC, and CDD can be challenging, but it’s imperative for financial institutions to ensure compliance and prevent financial crime. At Bates Group LLC, we not only understand these frameworks but also assist financial institutions in developing and implementing effective compliance programs to mitigate risk. Contact us today for more information on how we can help your institution navigate the ever-changing landscape of financial compliance.




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